What is a Micro centrifuge?
A microcentrifuge is a crucial piece of Laboratory equipment since it is used to rapidly spin a variety of substances. It is a unique kind of centrifuge that is used to centrifugate samples that are in tiny capillary tubes in order to divide their components into two phases. Microcentrifuge machine can handle materials in either a liquid or solid condition, as well as liquids with various densities.
In order to separate various components from a fluid, centrifuges use centrifugal force. To accomplish this, a container of fluid is spun rapidly. The fluids with various densities can then be separated, such as cream from milk or liquids and solids. Denser particles and materials migrate in the radial direction as a result.
What are the uses of Micro Centrifuges?
In research, industry, and clinical laboratories, centrifugation is a widely used technique with a wide range of uses. Micro centrifuges are utilised in blood banks, chemical laboratories, and other heavy-duty applications for petroleum products and also utilised in dairy industry.
Structure of Micro centrifuge
Thes are modest in size, as their name suggests, and are perfect for clinical laboratories' requirements. The microcentrifuge features interchangeable rotors and runs at a fast speed despite its small size. Microcentrifuge tube can be between 0.2 and 5 ml in size. There are many different kinds of microcentrifuges, but the high-speed and chilled high-speed centrifuges are the most popular.
What are the types of Micro Centrifuges?
Micro centrifuges come in a wide variety of types. There are various different kinds of centrifuges, such as high-speed, low-speed, and ultracentrifuges. Low-speed centrifuges are used to separate non-biological materials like crystal suspensions or inks, whereas high-speed centrifuges are used to separate cells and other biological materials. Ultracentrifuges are used to quantify the size, shape, and density of particles as well as to separate extremely minute particles. They are necessary for delivering reliable outcomes in medical research.
- low-speed centrifuge: The most typical centrifuges used in laboratories for routine particle sorting are low-speed centrifuges. The centrifuges are run at their highest possible speed, which is 4000-5000 rpm. These centrifuges employ rotors with fixed angles and swinging buckets. They are portable and simple to use centrifuges that work well for the examination of biological materials, including blood samples.
- high-speed centrifuge: As the name suggests, a high-speed centrifuge is a type of centrifuge that can work at somewhat faster rates. The high-speed centrifuge may spin anywhere between 15,000 and 30,000 revolutions per minute. It is often used in more advanced labs with biochemical applications that call for a quick rate of operation. They are furnished with several adapters to accommodate sample tubes of various shapes and sizes. The centrifugation process of these centrifuges can be created using any of the three types of rotors.
- ultracentrifuge: The separation of smaller molecules, such as proteins, ribosomes, and even viruses, is possible thanks to the ultracentrifuges' incredibly high rotational speeds. Large batches and continuous flows of molecules can be separated using ultracentrifuges. This sort of centrifuge is the most sophisticated available and can separate molecules that other centrifuges are unable to. These centrifuges contain refrigeration systems that aid in managing the heat produced by the spinning process.
- microcentrifuge: To separate small amounts of samples between 0.5 and 2 ul, microcentrifuges can be used. Typically, microcentrifuges spin at 12,000 to 13,000 rpm. This is used for phenol extraction as well as molecularly separating cell organelles including DNA, nuclei, and nuclei. Test tubes used in microcentrifuges, also known as microfuges, are smaller than those used in conventional centrifuges of a larger size.
- Compact benchtop centrifuge: are frequently employed in research and clinical laboratories. Through an electric motor, it is propelled. They can be handy for tiny labs with limited space because of their diminutive size. There are several different benchtop centrifuges on the market that can be used for various purposes. A tabletop centrifuge is furnished with a lid that covers the apparatus used to run the centrifuge and a rotor with racks for the test tubes.
- Hematocrit centrifuge: are centrifuges that have been specifically created for measuring the volume fraction of erythrocytes (RBCs) in a given blood sample. It can generate hematocrit levels that can be utilised for blood testing, immune system tests, biochemistry tests, and other tests with a wide range of clinical applications.
- gas centrifuge: A device specifically created for the separation of gases depending on isotopes is known as a gas centrifuge.
- Refrigerated centrifuge: have refrigeration and with temperature controls that range from -20°C to 30°C are available. They are frequently used to gather materials that separate quickly, such as erythrocytes, chloroplasts, and yeast cells.
- Vacuum centrifuge: uses centrifugal force and vacuum heat to accelerate lab evaporation of samples. The efficient extraction of solvents from samples using this sort of centrifuge can help concentrate the samples in both chemical and biological laboratories.